ASTM D7040-04(2020) pdf download

10-05-2020 comment

ASTM D7040-04(2020) pdf free download.Standard Test Method for Determination of Low Levels of Phosphorus in ILSAC GF 4 and Similar Grade Engine Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry.
ASTM D7040-04(2020) covers the quantitative determination of phosphorus in unused lubricating oils, such as International Lubricant Standardization and Approval Committee (ILSAC) GF 4 and similar grade engine oils, by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry.
Referenced Documents
ASTM D5185 Test Method for Multielement Determination of Used and Unused Lubricating Oils and Base Oils by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES);
ASTM D6299 Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance and Control Charting Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance;
ASTM D6792 Practice for Quality Management Systems in Petroleum Products, Liquid Fuels, and Lubricants Testing Laboratories;
A sample portion is weighed and diluted by mass with mixed xylenes or other solvent. An internal standard, which is required, is either weighed separately into the test solution or is previously combined with the dilution solvent. Calibration standards are prepared similarly. The solutions are introduced to the ICP instrument by a peristaltic pump (required). By comparing emission intensity of phosphorus in the test specimen with emission intensities measured with the calibration standards and by applying the appropriate internal standard and background corrections, the concentrations of phosphorus in the sample is calculated.
This test method specifies that the internal standard is combined with the dilution solvent because this technique is common and efficient when preparing many samples. However, the internal standard can be added separately from the dilution solvent as long as the internal standard concentration is constant or accurately known.
Keywords:additive-elements; emission-spectrometry; GF 4 oils; ICP-AES; inductively-coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry; internal standard; lubricating oils; phosphorus.

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