BS 4485-4:1996 pdf download

10-18-2020 comment

BS 4485-4:1996 pdf free download.Water cooling towers – Code of practice for structural design and construction.
1.1 Scope
This Part of BS 4485 gives recommendations for the structural design and construction of water cooling towers of the following type:
a)type 1. Natural draught or assisted draught towers, in which the total air flow is wholly or partly induced by a reinforced concrete shell of hyperboloidal form;
b)type 2. Mechanical draught towers, in which the total air flow is induced wholly by mechanical means withim an enclosed structure.
It applies only to those cooling towers constructed or erected on site and excludes factory assembled towers. In addition, matters relating to construction and workmanship in concrete and other materials are dealt with only in so far as they are specific to cooling tower construction. Other items of construction are referred to in appropriate specifications.
1.10 Foundations and bases
1.10.1 Foundations
he foundations should be designed in accordance with BS 8004.
IDifferentiall settlements within the foundations that support cooling tower shells (type 1 towers ) should be minimized.
Attention should be paid to the potential differential movements between the shell support, pond and packing support foundations owing to their different intensities of loading and/or different foundation type.
In derivation of foundation design parameters the potentially saturated ground conditions around and under cooling towers should be taken into account.

Download infomation Go to download
Note: If you can share this website on your Facebook,Twitter or others,I will share more.
BS EN 933-2:2020 pdf download BS Standards

BS EN 933-2:2020 pdf download

BS EN 933-2:2020 pdf free download.Tests for geometrical properties of aggregates - Part2:Determination of particle size distribution - Test sieves, nominal size of apertures. 1 Scope BS EN 933-2:2020 specifies the nominal size of apertures for test...
Download Now
BS 8414-2:2020 pdf download BS Standards

BS 8414-2:2020 pdf download

BS 8414-2:2020 pdf free download.Fire performance of external cladding systems - Part2:Test method for non-loadbearing external cladding systems fixed to, and supported by, a structural steel frame. This part of BS 8414 provides a test method for...
Download Now
ISO IEC 25000:2014 pdf download BS Standards

ISO IEC 25000:2014 pdf download

ISO IEC 25000:2014 pdf free download.Systems and software engineering — Systems and software Quality Requirements and Evaluation (SQuaRE) — Guide to SQuaRE. ISO/IEC 25000:2014 provides guidance for the use of the new series of International Standards named...
Download Now


Anonymous netizen Fill in information