BS EN 71-1-2001 pdf download

08-14-2021 comment

BS EN 71-1-2001 pdf download.Safety of toys -Part 1 : Mechanical and physical properties.
4.10.2 Driving mechanisms (see C.l1)
The requirements in 4.10.2a) and b) do not apply to driving mechanisms with insufficient power to injure
fingers or other parts of the body.
Driving mechanisms and winder keys shall conform to the following requirements.
a) Driving mechanisms shall be so enclosed that, when tested according to 8.5 (drop test) and 8.7 (impact test), they do not expose accessible sharp edges (8.11) or sharp points 8.12) or otherwise present a hazard of crushing the fingers or other parts of the body.
h) Driving mechanisms within large and bulky toys shall be so enclosed that, when tested according to 8.6 (tip over test) they do not expose accessible sharp edges (8.11) or sharp points (8.12) or otherwise present a hazard of crushing fmgers or other parts of the body.
c) The shape and dimensions of winder keys or starting handles shall be such that the clear space between the key or the handle and the body of the toy, if it allows a 5 mm diameter rod to be inserted. shall also allow a 12 mm diameter rod to be inserted. Any holes in keys or handles shall not permit the insertion of a 5 mm diameter rod.
4.10.3 Hinges (see C.12)
This requirement does not apply if any part joined by one or more hinges has a mass of less than 250 g. Toys having two parts joined by means of one or more hinges and with a space between the assembled edges along the hinge line, shall be so constructed that this space, if it allows a 5 mm diameter rod to be inserted, shall also allow a 12 mm diameter rod to be inserted with the parts in any position.
4.10.4 Springs (see C.13)
Springs shall conform to the following requirements.
a) Spiral springs shall not be accessible according to 8.10 (accessibility of a part or component) if the gap between two consecutive spirals is greater than 3 mm in any position of use.
The requirement in b) does not apply to springs that do not return to their original position after unloading (i.e. the elastic limit is exceeded).
b) Extension helical springs shall not be accessible according to 8.10 (accessibility of a part or component.) if the gap between two consecutive turns is greater than 3 mm when the spring is subjected to a tensile force of 40 N.
The requirement in c) does not apply to springs that do not return to their original position after loading with a force of 40 N or to springs wound round a second component of the toy (for example a guiding rod) so that it is not possible to insert the accessibility probe A between consecutive coils by more than 5 mm.
c) Compression helical springs shall not be accessible according to 8.10 (accessibility of a part or component) if the gap between two consecutive turns is greater than 3 mm at rest and the spring, when the toy is used, can be subjected to a force of 40 N or more.
4.11 Mouth-actuated toys (see C.14)
Mouth-actuated toys shall conform to the following requirements.
a) Mouth.actuated toys and removable mouthpieces of mouth.actuated toys shall not fit entirely in the cylinder when tested according to 8.2 (small parts cylinder).
4.14.1 Toys which a child can enter (see C.17)
Toys which a child can enter shall conform to the following requirements.
a) Any toy having a door, lid or similar device, which encloses a continuous volume greater than 0,03 m3 and in which all internal dimensions are 150 mm or more, shall provide at least two unobstructed ventilation holes, each 650 mm2 or more, situated at least 150 mm apart. The total ventilation area shall be provided when the toy is placed on the floor in any position and adjacent to two vertical plane surfaces meeting at a 90” angle, so as to simulate the corner of a room.
If a permanent partition or bars (two or more) which effectively limit the continuous space by making the largest internal dimension less than 150 mm are used to subdivide a continuous space, the ventilation area shall not he required.
b) For such toys, having a door, lid or similar device, it shall be possible to open the door, lid or similar device by applying a force of 50 N maximum from the inside.
NOTE This requirement notably precludes the use o( buttons. zips and similar fastenings on the doors, lids or similar devices.
I c) Toy chests with vertically opening hinged lids shall be provided with lid-support mechanisms to prevent sudden collapse or dropping of the lid. The lid-support mechanism shall support the lid so that at no position in the arc of travel of the lid from within 50mm of the fully closed position through an arc not to exceed 600 from the fully closed position shall it drop more than 12 mm under the influence of its own weight, except in the last 50 mm of travel. The test shall be conducted according to 8.34.1 (aid support).
The lid support mechanism shall comply with this requirement before and after being subjected to 7000 opening and closing cycles, as described in 8.34.2 (durability test for vertically opening hinged lids).
The lid support mechanism shall not require adjustment by the consumer to ensure adequate lid support nor shall it require adjustment in order to comply with above after being cycled according to 8.34.2.
The lid and lid support mechanism shall comply with the relevant requirements in 4.10. Toy chests with vertically opening hinged lids shall be accompanied by instructions for proper assembly and maintenance. j
4.14.2 Masks and helmets (see C.18)
Masks and helmets shall conform to the following requirements.
a) Masks and helmets that fully enclose the head and which are made of impermeable material shall provide a total ventilation area of 1 300 mm2 minimum through at least two holes at least 150 mm apart or through any equivalent single ventilation area.
NOTE An example of an equivalent single ventilation area is given in Figure 6.
b) All rigid materials that cover the face such as goggles, space helmets or face shields shall, before and after being tested according to 8.3 (torque test). 8.4 (tension test, general). 8.5 (drop test). 8.7 (impact test) and 8.8 (compression test). not expose sharp edges (8.11). Shari) points (8,12) or loose parts that could enter the eye.
This also applies to toys made of rigid materials with cut-out eye holes as well as toys that cover the eyes.
c) Toys that are imitations of protective masks and helmets (for example motor cycle helmets, industrial safety helmets and firemen’s helmets) shall carry a warning (see 7.9).BS EN 71-1-2001 pdf download.

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